LOCATE: Self-supervised Object Discovery via Flow-guided Graph-cut and Bootstrapped Self-training

Silky Singh (Adobe Systems),* Shripad V Deshmukh (Adobe), Mausoom Sarkar (Adobe), Balaji Krishnamurthy ()
The 34th British Machine Vision Conference


Learning object segmentation in image and video datasets without human supervision is a challenging problem. Humans easily identify moving salient objects in videos using the gestalt principle of common fate, which suggests that what moves together belongs together. Building upon this idea, we propose a self-supervised object discovery approach that leverages motion and appearance information to produce high-quality object segmentation masks. Specifically, we redesign the traditional graph cut on images to include motion information in a linear combination with appearance information to produce edge weights. Remarkably, this step produces object segmentation masks comparable to the current state-of-the-art on multiple benchmarks. To further improve performance, we bootstrap a segmentation network trained on these preliminary masks as pseudo-ground truths to learn from its own outputs via self-training. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach, named LOCATE, on multiple standard video object segmentation, image saliency detection, and object segmentation benchmarks, achieving results on par with and, in many cases surpassing state-of-the-art methods. We also demonstrate the transferability of our approach to novel domains through a qualitative study on in-the-wild images. Additionally, we present extensive ablation analysis to support our design choices and highlight the contribution of each component of our proposed method. The project code is available at: https://github.com/silky1708/LOCATE



author    = {Silky Singh and Shripad V Deshmukh and Mausoom Sarkar and Balaji Krishnamurthy},
title     = {LOCATE: Self-supervised Object Discovery via Flow-guided Graph-cut and Bootstrapped Self-training},
booktitle = {34th British Machine Vision Conference 2023, {BMVC} 2023, Aberdeen, UK, November 20-24, 2023},
publisher = {BMVA},
year      = {2023},
url       = {https://papers.bmvc2023.org/0295.pdf}

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